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today in women's herstory-12 april

April 12
This Day in Women's History

1229 - Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace

1555 – Joanna of Castile (b. 1479)

1834: Harriet Burbank Rogers born (educator, pioneer in instruction for deaf)

1841: Jennie Maria Drinkwater born (author)

1844: Mollie Evelyn Moore Davis born (poet and editor)

1866 – Princess Viktoria of Prussia (d. 1929)

1868 – Ella Gaunt Smith, Innovative American doll manufacturer (d. 1932)

1883: Imogen Cunningham born (photographer)

1898: Eleanor Touroff Glueck born (social worker, criminologist, studied juvenile offenders)

1904: Lily Pons born (sopranio, actress)

1908 – Ida Pollock, British writer (d. 2013)

1912 – Clara Barton, American nurse and humanitarian, founded the American Red Cross (b. 1821)

1917 – Helen Forrest, American singer (d. 1999)

1923 – Ann Miller, American actress, singer, and dancer (d. 2004)

1929 – Elspet Gray, Scottish actress (d. 2013)

1933 – Montserrat Caballι, Spanish soprano

1935 – Wendy Savage, English gynaecologist and campaigner

1944 – Lisa Jardine, English historian

1948 – Lois Reeves, American singer (Martha and the Vandellas)

1961 – Lisa Gerrard, Australian singer-songwriter (Dead Can Dance)

1961 – Magda Szubanski, English-Australian actress

1963 – Lydia Cacho, Mexican journalist

1964 – Amy Ray, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Indigo Girls)

1967 – Sarah Cracknell, English singer-songwriter (Saint Etienne)

1968 – Alicia Coppola, American actress

1971 – Shannen Doherty, American actress, producer, and director

1973 – Claudia Jordan, American model and actress

1973 – Christina Moore, American actress

1974 – Belinda Emmett, Australian actress and singer (d. 2006)

1974 – Marley Shelton, American actress

1975 – Josephine Baker, American-French actress, singer, and dancer (b. 1906)

1977 – Sarah Jane Morris, American actress

1977 – Jordana Spiro, American actress

1979 – Claire Danes, American actress

1979 – Jennifer Morrison, American actress and producer

1979 – Elena Grosheva, Russian gymnast

1985 – Anna-Katharina Samsel, German actress

1985 – Olga Seryabkina, Russian singer-songwriter (Serebro)

1985 – Hitomi Yoshizawa, Japanese singer (Morning Musume, Dream Morning Musume, and Hangry & Angry)

1986 – Lorena, Spanish singer

1988 – Colette Derιal, French actress and singer (b. 1927)

1989 – Kaitlyn Weaver, Canadian-American ice dancer

1990 – Francesca Halsall, English swimmer

1993 – Katelyn Pippy, American actress

1994 – Isabelle Drummond, Brazilian actress

1994 – Saoirse Ronan, American-Irish actress

1994 – Airi Suzuki, Japanese actress and singer (Aa!, Cute, and Buono!)

1996 – Elizaveta Kulichkova, Russian tennis player

1997 – Katelyn Ohashi, American gymnast

2000 – Suzanna von Nathusius, Polish actress

2002 – A female suicide bomber blows herself up at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda open-air market, killing 7 and wounding 104.

2008 – Cecilia Colledge, English figure skater (b. 1920)




today in women's herstory-5 april

April 5
This Day in Women's History

1170 – Isabella of Hainault (d. 1190)

1472 – Bianca Maria Sforza, Italian wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)

1566 - 200 Brussels nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition

1614 – In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.

1692 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)

1693 – Anne Marie Louise d'Orlιans, Duchess of Montpensier (b. 1627)

1758: Mary Jemison ("White Woman of the Genesee" captured by French soldiers and Shawnee Indians, later sold to the Senecas who adopted her

1761: Sybil Ludington born, female "paul revere" (rode twice as far!) and revolutionary war

1825: Mary Jane Hawes Holmes born (author of 39 novels and numerous short stories)

1863 – Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1950)

1871 (or 75) - Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue) (1956)

1873: Nellie Neilson born (medievalist)

1876: Mary Elizabeth Bass born (one of first female physicians on tulane medical school staff)

1885?: Fania (or Fannia or Fanny) Mary Cohn born (pioneer in worker education, labor movement)

1887 - Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

1890 - Fie Carelsen, Dutch actress (Malle Gervallen)

1899 – Elsie Thompson, American super-centenarian (d. 2013)

1901: Hattie Elizabeth Alexander born (pediatrician, microbiologist, one of the first to study antibiotic resistance)

1908 - (Ruth Elizabeth) Bette Davis, Lowell Mass, US actress (Of Human Bondage, Jezebel) (d. 1989)

1908 – Ernestine Gilbreth Carey, American author (d. 2006)

1916 - Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician

1921 - Lady Fisher, founder (British Women Caring Trust)

1922 - Gale Storm, Bloomington Tx, actr (My Little Margie, Gale Storm Show) (d. 2009)

1922 – The American Birth Control League, forerunner of Planned Parenthood, is incorporated.

1933 – Barbara Holland, American author (d. 2010)

1938 – Nancy Holt, American sculptor and painter (d. 2014)

1940 - Aliza Kashi, Israel, actress/singer (Merv Griffin regular)

1944 - Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)

1946 - Jane Asher, actress (Deep End) and girlfriend of Paul McCartney

1946 - Jennifer Penney, ballerina

1947 – Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Filipino politician, 14th President of the Philippines

1949 – Judith Resnik, American engineer and astronaut (d. 1986 (challenger disaster)

1950 – Ann C. Crispin, American author (d. 2013)

1950 – Agnetha Fδltskog, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer (ABBA)

1950 - Mildred Douglas, Surinames/Dutch singer (Mai Tai)

1951 – Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death for spying for the Soviet Union.

1955 – Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress, producer, and screenwriter

1955 – Janice Long, English radio host

1955 - Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress

1956 – Dame Susan Catherine (Suzi) Leather, British public administrator

1958 - Cammie Lusko, Los Angeles California, Guinness' World Strongest Woman

1961 – Lisa Zane, American actress and singer

1962 – Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)

1964 – Princess Erika, French singer-songwriter and actress

1968 – Gianna Amore, American model and actress

1968 – Paula Cole, American singer-songwriter

1970 – Thea Gill, Canadian actress

1971 – Krista Allen, American actress

1971 - Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole

1972 – Isabel Jewell, American actress (b. 1907)

1973 – Ιlodie Bouchez, French-American actress

1975 – Sarah Baldock, English organist and choral conductor.

1975 – Caitlin Moran, English broadcaster and newspaper columnist

1977 – Stella Creasy, English politician

1980 – Mary Katharine Ham, American journalist

1982 – Hayley Atwell, English actress

1984 – Shin Min-a, South Korean model and actress

1986 – Anna Sophia Berglund, American model and actress

1989 – Marνa Cristina Gσmez, Salvadoran educator (b. 1938)

1989: March for Women's Lives held in DC (over 600,000 in attendance)

1990 – Sophia Papamichalopoulou, Cypriot skier

1993 – Divya Bharti, Indian actress (b. 1974)

1999 – Sharlene San Pedro, Filipino actress

2007 – Maria Gripe, Swedish author (b. 1923)

2007 – Leela Majumdar, Indian author (b. 1908)

2013 – Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (b. 1921)




today in women's herstory-17 march

March 17
This Day in Women's History

659 - Gertrude of Nivelles, Belgian abbess, patron saint of travellers, dies at about 32

1665 – Ιlisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre, French harpsichordist and composer (d. 1729)

1798: Abigail Powers Fillmore born: First Lady, married to US President Millard Fillmore

1820 – Jean Ingelow, English poet, novelist (d. 1897)

1841: Emily Sartain born: painter, engraver, principal of the Philadelphia School of Design for Women

1846: Kate Greenaway born: illustrator and watercolorist

1847 (or 1846 or 1848): Clara Morris born: actress

1849: Cornelia Maria Clapp born: taught biology, natural history and gymnastics at Mount Holyoke College

1862: Martha Platt Falconer born: social reformer, especially working with delinquent girls

1863: Anna Wessels Williams born: bacteriologist, worked on antitoxin for diphtheria

1869: Corra Harris born: writer

1873 - Margaret Bondfield, Brit Labour leader/1st woman cabinet member

1878: Helen Gardner born: art historian

1886: Princess Patricia of Connaught (Lady Patricia Ramsay) born: granddaughter of Queen Victoria, gave up royal title on marrying commoner Alexander Ramsay

1898: Ella Winter born: journalist

1903: Radie Britain born: composer, teacher

1905: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt married Franklin Delano Roosevelt

1906 - Brigitte Helm [Gisele Eve von Kuenheim], Berlin, actr (Gloria, Gold) (d. 1996)

1906 - Tamara Geva, dancer

1911: Camp Fire Girls founded

1918 - Mercedes McCambridge, Joliet Ill, actress (All the King's Men)

1922 - Megan Bull, British head mistress (Holloway Jail)

1923 - Margaret Bondfield, 1st woman chairperson (Trades Union Congress)

1926 – Marjory Shedd, Canadian badminton player (d. 2008)

1930: Betty Allen born: singer; executive director, Harlem School of the Arts

1931 - Eunice Gayson, London England, actress (Dr No, From Russia With Love)

1933: Myrlie Evers-William born: civil rights activist, journalist; widow of murdered civil rights activist Medgar Evers (1963); first woman and first layperson to deliver an invocation for a presidential inauguration, 2013

1933 – Penelope Lively, British author

1936 – Patty Maloney, American actress

1937 – Galina Samsova, Russian ballet dancer

1938 – Zola Taylor, American singer (The Platters) (d. 2007)

1941 - Marguerite Nichols, American actress (b. 1895)

1944 - Pattie Boyd, English photographer, model, and author (Mrs George Harrison/Mrs Eric Clapton)

1952 – Susie Allanson, American singer and actress

1954 - Lesley-Anne Down, London, actress and singer (A Little Night Music, Moonraker)

1954 - Rena Jones, rock vocalist

1955 – Cynthia McKinney, American educator and politician

1956 – Irθne Joliot-Curie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)

1960 – Rebeca Arthur, American actress

1960 – Vicki Lewis, American actress and singer

1961 – Dana Reeve, American actress, singer, and activist (d. 2006)

1961 - Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101

1962 – Clare Grogan, Scottish singer and actress (Altered Images)

1962 - Janet Patricia Gardner, Juneau Alaska, rocker (Vixen-Rev It Up)

1962 - Roxy Dora Petrucci, Rochester Minn, rock drummer (Vixen-Rev It Up)

1963 - Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)

1963 - Rebeca Arthur, actress (Mary Anne-Perf Strangers, Opposites Attract)

1969: Golda Meir becomes the first woman Prime Minister of Israel; served 1969 - 1974

1972: Mia Hamm born: professional soccer player, author

1972 – Melissa Auf der Maur, Canadian-American singer-songwriter and bass player (Hole, The Smashing Pumpkins, and Tinker)

1973 – Caroline Corr, Irish singer and drummer (The Corrs)

1973 - Amelia Weatherly, actress (Stephanie Brewster-Loving/The City)

1973 – Amelia Heinle, American actress

1973 - Geertruida M W "Truus" Bakker, Dutch actress (2 Orphans), dies at 81

1974 - Carroll Nye, actress (Lawless Woman), dies at 72

1974 - Marisa Coughlan, American actress

1975 – Gina Holden, Canadian actress

1975 – Natalie Zea, American actress

1976 – Brittany Daniel, American actress

1976 – Cynthia Daniel, American actress and photographer

1977 – Tamar Braxton, American singer-songwriter and actress (The Braxtons)

1979 – Coco Austin, American model and actress

1979 – Stormy Daniels, American porn actress and director

1981 – Eva Fislovα, Slovak tennis player

1989 - Dorothy Cudahy is 1st female grand marshal of St Patrick Day Parade

1990 - Capucine, French actress and fashion model (The Pink Panther), dies of suicide at 62

1991 - Irish Lesbians & Gays march in St Patrick Day parade

1992 – Eliza Bennett, English actress and singer

1992 - Grace Stafford Lantz, actress, cartoon voice (Woody Woodpecker), dies at 87

1993 – Helen Hayes, American actress (b. 1900)

1994 – Mai Zetterling, Swedish-English actress and director (b. 1925)

1997 - Gail Davis, actress (Annie Oakley), dies at 71

2002 – Rosetta LeNoire, American actress and producer (b. 1911)

2005 – Andre Alice Norton, American author (b. 1912)

2012 – Margaret Whitlam, Australian swimmer and author (b. 1919)

2013 – Rosine Delamare, French costume designer (b. 1911)




how many of these early black feminists do you know?

How Many of These Early Black Feminists Do You Know?

Though black feminists have wielded social media to make willful strides into public consciousness, black feminism is nothing new. The challenge of being doubly oppressed as a black woman has always colored feminist conversations, and minority women rarely have the luxury of fighting solely on behalf of their gender. The question of intersectionality predates hashtags and Twitter feminism and goes all the way back to impasses such as the one between black journalist Ida B. Wells and white suffragist Frances Willard. Wells implored Willard to acknowledge the evil of lynching, while Willard, blinded by her race and class privileges, believed black men to be deserving targets.

Though not always recognized, black women have always made forays into the feminist dialogue to ensure black women and girls don’t remain an afterthought. In celebration of Black History Month, here are 11 early black feminists, in no particular order—some you’ve learned about and some you probably haven’t.

Anna Julia Cooper (1858-1964)

One of the most prominent black scholars in American history, Cooper was the fourth African American woman to earn a PhD when she graduated from University of Paris-Sorbonne in 1924. Having been born in slavery in Raleigh, N.C., Cooper used both her lived experience with racism and her scholastic ability to pen her first book in 1892, A Voice from the South: By a Woman from the South. The book, in which Cooper argued for the self-determination of black women, is considered the first volume of black feminist thought in the U.S.

Sojourner Truth (1797-1883)

An abolitionist and women’s rights activist, Truth was also born into slavery, but escaped with her young daughter. She later went to court to obtain freedom for her son, becoming the first black woman to win such a case. Her famous speech on gender inequity, “Ain’t I a Woman” was delivered in 1851 at a women’s rights convention in Akron, OH, and has endured as a raw and powerful utterance of the tribulations and burdens black women shoulder.
Amy Jacques Garvey

Amy Jacques Garvey (1895-1973)

Garvey, the second wife of black nationalist Marcus Garvey, was a daunting intellectual and social activist in her own right. A gifted journalist, she worked as a columnist for Negro World in Harlem and often discussed the intersectionality of race, gender and class as it pertained to black women. She wrote once in an essay, “The [black men] will more readily sing the praises of white women than their own; yet who is more deserving of admiration than the black woman, she who has borne the rigors of slavery, the deprivations consequent on a pauperized race, and the indignities heaped upon a weak and defenseless people? Yet she has suffered all with fortitude, and stands ever ready to help in the onward march to freedom and power.”

Mary Church Terrell (1863-1954)

An activist for civil rights and suffrage, Terrell was one of the first African American women to earn a college degree when she graduated from Oberlin College in 1884. A close of acquaintance of Frederick Douglass and Booker T. Washington, she campaigned for racial equality, becoming a well-known activist in Washington, D.C. A writer and the first president of of the National Association of Colored Women, many of her works, including “A Plea for the White South by a Colored Woman” and “A Colored Woman in a White World,” focused on the status of black women in society. Terrell was also a founding member of the NAACP and helped organize the black sorority Delta Sigma Theta.

. . . .

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